Thursday, July 16, 2009

The topic of Eemaan

As Salamualikum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuh,

The Definition of Eemaan
The definition of Eemaan: Is the testification of the tongue, belief in the heart, and action of the limbs. It increases with obedience and decreases with disobedience.

The Six Pillars Of Eemaan
So know Oh Muslim brother/sister may Allah grant me and you success with what He loves and what pleases him, that when the Messenger (allayhee salat wassalam) was asked by Jibreel (allayhee sallam) about Eemaan, he (allayhee salat wassalam) said, " It is to believe in Allah, His Angels, His books, His messengers, The Last Day, and that you belive in Qadr, its good and its bad". So jibreel (allayhee salam) said to him, " You have spoken the truth".
(Reported by Bukhari in Kitaab-ul Eemaan 1/18 and he used it in the tafsee of Soorah Luqmaan[6:20,21], Sahih Muslim Kitaab-ul Eemaan).

Proofs For The Increasing Of Eemaan
Allah, the Most High, said:
Those (i.e. believers) unto whom the people (hypocrites) said, "Verily, the people (pagans) have gathered against you (a great army), therefore, fear them." But it (only) increased them in Faith, and they said: "Allâh (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us)." (Aali Imran 3:173).

Allah, the Most High, said:
The believers are only those who, when Allâh is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts and when His Verses (this Qur'ân) are recited unto them, they (i.e. the Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord (Alone); (Al-Anfal 8:2).

Allah, the Most High, said:
And whenever there comes down a Sûrah (chapter from the Qur'ân), some of them (hypocrites) say: "Which of you has had his Faith increased by it?" As for those who believe, it has increased their Faith, and they rejoice. (At-Tawbah 9:124).

Allah, the Most High, said:
And when the believers saw Al*Ahzâb (the Confederates), they said: "This is what Allâh and His Messenger (Muhammad Allayhee salat wassalam) had promised us, and Allâh and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW) had spoken the truth, and it only added to their faith and to their submissiveness (to Allâh). (Al-Ahzab 33:22).

Allah, the Most High, said:
He it is Who sent down As-Sakinah (calmness and tranquillity) into the hearts of the believers, that they may grow more in Faith along with their (present) Faith. And to Allâh belong the hosts of the heavens and the earth, and Allâh is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise. (Al-Fath 48:4).

Allah, the Most High, said:
... and the believers may increase in Faith... (Al-Muddaththir 74:31).

The Proof For The Decreasing Of Eemaan
From Abu Hurairah (radhiAllahu 'anhoo) who said that the Messenger of Allah (Allayhee salat wassalam) said:Faith has over seventy something branches, the most excellent of which is the declaration that there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah, and the humblest of which is the, removal of what is injurious from the path: and modesty is the branch of faith. (Reported by Bukhari in Kitaab-ul Eeman, 1/8. Muslim , kitaab-ul Eemaan, chapter 12, volume 1/63, the wording is of Muslim).

From Abu sa'eed Al-Khudri ( radhiAllahu anhoo) “Whoever among you sees an evil action, then let him change it with his hand [by taking action]; if he cannot, then with his tongue [by speaking out]; and if he cannot, then with his heart and that is the weakest of faith.” (Reported by Muslim, Kitaab-ul Eemaan, chapter 20-1/69).

Ihsaan Is A Separate Pillar

The Messenger (allayhee salat wassalam) was asked by Jibreel (allayhee sallam) What is Ihsan (perfection)?" Allah's Apostle replied, "To worship Allah as if you see him, and if you cannot achieve this state of devotion then you must consider that He is looking at you." (Reported by Bukhari, Kitaab-ul Eemaan, 1/18).

The Levels Of The Deen Are Three

And they are: Al-Islaam, Al-Eemaan, and Al-Ihsaan.
(This arrangement is taken from Muslim in his Book of Eemaan, Vol.(1) pp.36-37 from the hadeeth of "umar).

These notes were taken from the book: "Al-Kawlul mufeed fee Ad-Dilaat At-Tawheed" (Beneficial speech In Establishing The Evidences Of Tawheed), By Shaykh Muhammmad bin Abdil-Wahhaab Al-wasaabee.

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