Thursday, February 3, 2011

Thulaathiyaaat (Reports of Imam Ahmad that only have three narrators between him and the prophet)


Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal

(may Allah have mercy on him)

Reports of Imam Ahmad that have only three narrators between him and the prophet (allayhis salat wassalam)

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Saalim as-Saffaareenee al-Hanbalee
(1114-1188 AH)

سيدنا ابي عبد الرحمن عبدالله بن عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنهما

From the musnad of Abu 'Abdur-Rahmaan 'Abdullaah ibn 'umar (radhiAllahu 'anhumma)

حد ثنا سفيان: حد ثني عبد الله بن دينار, سمع ابن عمر(رضي الله عنهما) يقول: نهى رسول الله (صلى الله عليه و سلم) عن بيع الو لاء, و عن هبته

Sufyaan (ibn 'Uyaynah) narrated to us from 'Abdullah ibn Deenaar who said that he heard 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar (radhiAllahu 'anhumma) say, "The Messenger of Allah (allayhis salat wassalam) prohibited the sale of walaa` or giving it away." 1

(Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 2, p.9. The isnaad of this hadeeth is saheeh according to the conditions set by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim.)

1) When a person frees a slave, he comes a "relative"(in a limited and restricted sense) of the person who frees him. This relationship is called walaa`. Muwaalaat is the act of establishing walaa`. When slaves are manumitted a special relationship called walaa` starts to exist between the previous master and the freed slave. Apart from the sentiments of loyalty and support that the term implies, and that are so important in a society that is organized on kinship groups, walaa` can be financially important in that by virtue of his act of manumission the master acquires the right to inherit from his freedman if the latter dies without any heirs by blood. Still, this right to walaa` was not a proprietary right to be bought or sold or given as a gift; it was akin to a family relationship that was inalienable. The prophet (allayhis salat wassalam) was reported to have said that walaa` belonged to the manumitter, and he prohibted the sale of walaa` or giving it as a gift.

No comments: