Tuesday, May 25, 2010

Explanation Of The Creed (Sharh-us-Sunnah) Points. 56-60

Point---56 If a man divorces his wife three times, she is forbidden to him. (She) is not permissible for him unless she marries another man.1

1 The salaf would sometimes include matters of fiqh in their works on 'aqeedah if they were matters where clear texts were present yet people still held views contrary to these texts.

Point---57 The blood of a Muslim who bears witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah and that Muhammad (allayhis salat wassalam) is His slave and Messenger may not be spilt except in three cases: fornication after having been married, apostasy after faith or one who kills a Believer without right and so is executed for it. Apart from that the Muslim's blood is unlawful forever, until the Last Hour is established.1

1 The wording of this hadeeth is, "The blood of a Muslim, who witnesses that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, is not lawful except in three (cases): The married fornicator, a life for a life and the one who abandons his Religion and leaves the Jamaa'ah." Reported by al-Bukhaaree (Eng. trans. 9/10/no.17) and Muslim (Eng. trans. 3/898 no.4152).

Point---58 Everything which Allaah has decreed will come to an end will indeed end. Paradise and the Fire will not end, nor the Throne ('Arsh), the Footstool (Kursee), the Pen (Qalam), the Horn (Soor), and Preserved Tablet (Lawhul Mahfudh). None of these will ever perish. Then Allah will raise up the creation on the Day of Resurrection in the state in which He caused them to die. He will take account of them as He pleases, a group for Paradise and a group for the burning Fire and he will say to the rest of creation which were not created to last: "Be dust."

Point---59 To have Faith in the retribution (Qisaas) on the Day of Resurrection, between all of creation: humans, reptiles, beasts of prey and even between ants, until Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, brings about justice for all of them from each other, the people of Paradise from the people of the Fire, the people of the Fire from the people of Paradise, the people of Paradise from each other and the people of the Fire from each other.1

1 There occurs in the hadeeth, "It is not fitting for any of the people of Paradise to enter Paradise, whilst there is a right due from him to a person of the people of the Fire, until I exact retribution from him for him, even a slap." We said: How when we are to come before Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, barefooted, uncircumcised and naked? He said, "With good and bad deeds." Reported by Ahmad, al-Bukhaaree in al-Adabul-Mufrad (no.970) and al-Haakim declared it saheeh and adh-Dhahabee agreed. Shaikh al-Albaanee declared the hadeeth to be hasan.

Point---60 To makes actions purely and sincerely for Allaah.

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